A causa della pandemia di coronavirus, la commemorazione eccezionalmente non si terrà al Memoriale, ma nello spazio virtuale.

La commemorazione online

La trasmissione online inizierà il 27 gennaio 2021 alle 16.00 CET (UTC + 1) e sarà disponibile su www.auschwitz.org e www.76.auschwitz.org oltre che su Memorial Youtube, Facebook e Twitter.

Il tema sarà il destino dei bambini ad Auschwitz

Il tema principale del 76 ° anniversario della liberazione sarà il destino dei bambini ad Auschwitz. “Più di 200.000 bambini sono stati assassinati ad Auschwitz. Completamente innocente, buono, curioso della vita, amare i loro cari, fidarsi dei bambini. Il mondo degli adulti – dopotutto, così spesso ingiusto e crudele – non ha mai dimostrato così tanto della sua spietatezza, del suo male. Ciò non può essere giustificato da alcuna ideologia, resa dei conti o politica. Quest’anno vogliamo dedicare l’anniversario della liberazione alle più giovani vittime del campo “, ha detto il dottor Piotr M. A. Cywiński, direttore del Museo.

Le vittime tra i bambini e i giovani

Si stima, sulla base dei dati approssimativi, che almeno 232.000 bambini e giovani siano stati deportati ad Auschwitz, di cui 216.000 ebrei, 11.000 rom, circa 3.000 polacchi, più di 1.000 bielorussi e diverse centinaia di russi, ucraini e altri . Nel campo sono stati registrati un totale di circa 23.000 bambini e giovani. Poco più di 700 furono liberati sul territorio di Auschwitz nel gennaio 1945.

La missione

Auschwitz è il simbolo e il luogo del genocidio più riconoscibile nel mondo. Dal momento in cui lo Stato polacco ha istituito il Memoriale di Auschwitz sul sito dell’ex campo, si è impegnato a preservare la memoria dei crimini commessi in quel campo di concentramento e sterminio nazista tedesco di Auschwitz. Le parole comuni non descrivono correttamente questo sito. Al giorno d’oggi è chiamato un cimitero, un monumento, un sito commemorativo, un museo.

Ma quelle parole non possono esprimere il pieno significato di Auschwitz che è così difficile da afferrare ed esprimere. È la prova meglio conservata della più grande caduta dell’umanità e di un’enorme tragedia nella storia dell’Europa. Questo è un simbolo di tutta la storia della Shoah, del sistema dei campi di concentramento e di una crisi del male non registrata.

Protezione delle reliquie del campo

L’obiettivo principale è proteggere e conservare le reliquie del campo o in altre parole mantenere l’autenticità e la spinta del più grande campo di concentramento e l’unico centro di sterminio che le SS non sono riuscite a radere al suolo. Per sostenere gli sforzi, la Fondazione Auschwitz-Birkenau è stata istituita nel 2009. Ha creato il Fondo perpetuo per fornire i mezzi per la realizzazione pianificata e sistematica dei lavori di conservazione presso il Memoriale. Formazione scolastica L’istruzione, intesa in senso lato, è un compito altrettanto importante.

Si può insegnare ovunque su Auschwitz e l’Olocausto. Solo al Memoriale di Auschwitz, tuttavia, è possibile non solo conoscere la storia dell’operazione del campo e avere accesso diretto ai resoconti di prima mano dei testimoni, ma anche vedere le prove dello sterminio con i nostri occhi: le rovine delle camere a gas, dei crematori e di altri resti dell’accampamento.

Il Senso di Auschwitz

Auschwitz è al centro dell’esperienza europea. È il più grande sito di sterminio, simbolo della sua mostruosa interezza. È un punto di riferimento costante nella storia del Vecchio Continente del dopoguerra, che giustifica pienamente tutti gli sforzi volti a creare un’Europa unificata, diversa, nuova, più umana e sensibile. Prendersi cura del sito non è solo un obbligo nei confronti delle generazioni passate, vittime e sopravvissuti; in larga misura, è anche un obbligo nei confronti delle generazioni a venire.

Sarà loro responsabilità portare avanti gli sforzi del dopoguerra per un mondo migliore, unito, ragionevole, di sostegno e sicuro. Sono i nostri figli e nipoti che costruiranno il futuro della nostra civiltà. Dobbiamo loro la verità su Auschwitz.

La Liberazione di Auschwitz

L’ Evacuazione iniziale del campo ed eliminazione delle tracce dei crimini

Dall’agosto 1944 a metà gennaio 1945 i tedeschi trasferirono circa 65mila prigionieri e prigionieri fuori da Auschwitz per essere impiegati come forza lavoro schiava per varie imprese nelle profondità del Terzo Reich. Hanno anche iniziato l’eliminazione iniziale e la distruzione delle prove dei loro crimini – tra gli altri, sono stati bruciati i registri dei prigionieri e le registrazioni degli ebrei uccisi nelle camere a gas.

I beni mobili del campo sono stati portati via, principalmente grandi quantità di materiali da costruzione e beni saccheggiati dalle vittime di omicidi di massa. Gli elementi tecnici di tutte le camere a gas e dei crematori tranne uno sono stati smantellati o smontati entro la fine dell’anno.

Liquidazione del campo

A metà gennaio 1945, quando la linea del fronte fu spezzata dall’Armata Rossa e le sue truppe si stavano avvicinando a Cracovia, a 70 km dal campo, iniziò l’evacuazione finale dei prigionieri. Dal 17 al 21 gennaio 1945 circa 56mila prigionieri e prigionieri furono portati fuori da Auschwitz e dai suoi sottocampi in colonne in marcia. Una volta raggiunta la stazione ferroviaria indicata, furono trasportati più a ovest su vagoni merci.

Entrambe le vie di evacuazione, in treno oa piedi, erano disseminate di corpi di prigionieri colpiti da colpi d’arma da fuoco o morti per stanchezza o freddo. Si stima che circa 9mila prigionieri di Auschwitz siano morti durante l’operazione. Il 20 gennaio 1945 le SS fecero saltare in aria le camere a gas e i crematori che erano già stati messi fuori servizio qualche tempo prima mentre l’ultimo, ancora pienamente operativo, fu fatto saltare in aria il 26 gennaio. Il 23 gennaio sono stati incendiati i magazzini, dove venivano immagazzinati i beni appartenenti alle vittime dello sterminio.

Liberazione

Dopo l’evacuazione definitiva quasi 9mila prigionieri, perlopiù malati ed esausti lasciati nel campo dai tedeschi, si sono trovati in una situazione incerta. Circa 700 prigionieri ebrei furono assassinati nel periodo tra la partenza forzata delle ultime colonne di evacuazione e l’arrivo dei soldati sovietici. Fu solo una coincidenza che la maggior parte dei prigionieri rimasti fosse sopravvissuta.

Il 27 gennaio 1945 l’Armata Rossa entrò nell’area della città di Oświęcim, affrontando la resistenza delle truppe tedesche in ritirata. Più di 230 soldati sovietici morirono durante la liberazione dell’area. Circa 7mila prigionieri vissero per assistere alla liberazione dei campi di Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II-Birkenau e Auschwitz III-Monowitz. Circa 500 altri prigionieri sono stati liberati nei sottocampi prima del 27 gennaio e poco dopo quella data.

I malati furono curati da diversi ospedali da campo sovietici e dal cosiddetto Ospedale da campo della Croce Rossa polacca, istituito da volontari polacchi, principalmente residenti a Cracovia e nelle città vicine. Qui sono stati curati 4,5mila sopravvissuti per lo più ebrei, tra cui più di 400 bambini, cittadini di più di venti paesi.

Quei prigionieri che erano in condizioni fisiche relativamente buone lasciarono Auschwitz subito dopo la liberazione, tornando a casa da soli o con mezzi di trasporto organizzati. La maggior parte dei pazienti ricoverati in ospedale ha fatto lo stesso tre o quattro mesi dopo.

Daniela Torrani

Fotografie : © Memorial and Museum Auschwitz – Birkenau

Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
20080713_1496598567_brama
Auschwitz
Auschwitz
Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz Auschwitz 20080713_1496598567_brama Auschwitz Auschwitz

234 pensiero su “76 ° Anniversario della Liberazione del campo di concentramento e di sterminazione nazista tedesco Auschwitz virtuale”
  1. Helllo there! Would you mind if I share your
    blog with my twitter group? There’s a lot of people that I think would really appreciate your content.Please let
    me know. Thanks!

  2. Excellent post. I was checking continuously tuis blog and I
    am impressed! Extremely useful information. I care for such information a lot.
    I was lookinng for this certain information for a very long time.Thank yoou and good luck.

  3. Nicee post. I was checking continuously this blog and I’m impressed!
    Very useful information specially the lastt part 🙂 I care for such info a lot.
    I was looking for this particular information for a long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  4. Appreciating the time and effort you put into your site and in depth information you present.
    It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same out of date rehashed material.
    Wonderful read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding
    your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  5. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff
    previous to and you’re just too wonderful. I really like
    what you have got right here, certainly like what you are
    stating and the way wherein you say it. You’re making it entertaining and you continue to take care of to
    keep it wise. I cant wait to learn far more from you. That
    is really a wonderful web site.

    Here is my web site: Mega888 Id test

  6. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Thanks
    for the post. I will definitely return.

    Also visit my blog :: kiss888

  7. Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared
    to be on the net the easiest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people
    think about worries that they just don’t know about.
    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also
    defined out the whole thing without having side effect ,
    people could take a signal. Will probably be back
    to get more. Thanks

    my website :: teenager smoking

  8. Aw, this was an exceptionally nice post. Spending some time
    and actual effort to produce a great article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a lot
    and never seem to get nearly anything done.

    My page :: mega888apk

  9. What i do not realize is actually how you’re now
    not really much more smartly-favored than you may be now.
    You’re so intelligent. You realize therefore significantly
    on the subject of this matter, made me in my opinion imagine it from numerous numerous angles.
    Its like men and women are not fascinated unless it’s one thing to accomplish
    with Woman gaga! Your personal stuffs outstanding.
    At all times care for it up!

  10. Pretty portion of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact loved account
    your weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing
    to your feeds and even I success you get right of entry to consistently
    rapidly.

    Feel free to visit my site :: mega888apk download

  11. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.
    I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more
    of your useful information. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly
    return.

  12. That is really fascinating, You are an overly skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking
    extra of your magnificent post. Also, I have shared your website in my social networks

    Here is my blog :: xe88 online

  13. Wonderful items from you, man. I have be mindful your stuff prior to and you are simply too wonderful.
    I really like what you have got here, really like
    what you’re saying and the best way through which you are saying it.
    You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it smart.
    I cant wait to read far more from you. That is really a great web site.

    Here is my site mega888 website

  14. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this
    topic to be actually something which I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and very broad for me. I am looking forward
    for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

    my web-site: xe88 for ios

  15. Hi, i read your blog from time to time and
    i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam feedback?
    If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any assistance is very much appreciated.

    Feel free to visit my web page :: 918kaya game (https://thpswiki.com/index.php?title=Down_Load_918kaya_Video_Slot_-_How_The_Way_To_Enjoy_Successful_Slot_Sport)

  16. Appreciating the dedication you put into your site and in depth information you present.
    It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t
    the same outdated rehashed information. Fantastic read!
    I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to
    my Google account.

    Here is my web page … 918kaya slot – suphe.net

  17. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research on this.

    We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned
    more from this post. I’m very glad to see such wonderful info being shared
    freely out there.

    Feel free to visit my blog post – freeholmes.com

  18. After looking over a handful of the articles on your site, I honestly like your technique of writing a
    blog. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark website list
    and will be checking back in the near future. Please check out my
    website as well and tell me what you think.

  19. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish.
    nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that
    you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since
    exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.

    My website … xe88easywin

  20. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked submit my comment
    didn’t show up. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over
    again. Anyways, just wanted to say superb blog!

    Here is my blog post :: kiss918 pc

  21. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your weblog.
    You have some really good posts and I feel I would be a good asset.
    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog in exchange for
    a link back to mine. Please shoot me an email if interested.
    Kudos!

    Feel free to surf to my website – mega888 android download

  22. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave
    it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  23. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all people you really recognise
    what you’re speaking about! Bookmarked. Please additionally discuss with my site =).
    We may have a hyperlink change contract among us

    Feel free to surf to my web site – m.918kaya

  24. It is the best time to make some plans for the long run and it’s time to be happy.
    I have read this submit and if I may I wish to recommend you
    some attention-grabbing things or suggestions.

    Perhaps you can write subsequent articles referring to this
    article. I want to learn more things approximately it!

    Also visit my site; download kis918

  25. Heya terrific website! Does running a blog similar
    to this require a massive amount work? I’ve no understanding of programming but I
    was hoping to start my own blog in the near future.
    Anyway, should you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share.
    I know this is off topic however I just needed to ask. Cheers!

  26. I savor, result in I discovered exactly what I used to be having
    a look for. You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless
    you man. Have a great day. Bye

  27. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after browsing through many of the articles
    I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I came across it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back regularly!

  28. I do trust all the ideas you’ve introduced in your post.
    They are very convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very
    quick for newbies. May just you please extend them a little from next time?

    Thanks for the post.

  29. I do trust all the ideas you have presented in your post.
    They’re very convincing and can definitely work. Still, the posts are too short for novices.
    May just you please prolong them a little from subsequent time?
    Thank you for the post.

  30. Wonderful blog you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any discussion boards
    that cover the same topics talked about in this article?
    I’d really love to be a part of community where I
    can get feedback from other experienced people that
    share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
    Bless you!

  31. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i came to go back the desire?.I am trying to in finding issues to improve my web site!I
    suppose its ok to make use of some of your concepts!!

  32. After I originally commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox
    and from now on each time a comment is added I receive 4 emails
    with the exact same comment. There has to be a way you
    are able to remove me from that service? Appreciate it!

  33. When someone writes an paragraph he/she maintains the
    image of a user in his/her brain that how a user can be aware of it.
    So that’s why this article is amazing. Thanks!

  34. Hello there, I discovered your website via Google while searching for a similar subject, your site came up,
    it seems to be good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Hi there, simply turned into alert to your blog via Google,
    and located that it is really informative. I’m going to be careful for brussels.
    I will appreciate if you continue this in future.
    Lots of other folks might be benefited out of your writing.
    Cheers!

  35. Hello There. I discovered your weblog the usage of msn. That
    is a very smartly written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your
    useful info. Thank you for the post. I will definitely return.

    Look into my blog post: ex88

  36. My brother suggested I would possibly like this website.
    He used to be entirely right. This submit truly
    made my day. You cann’t consider just how a lot time I
    had spent for this information! Thanks!

    my web-site … ex88 – Savannah

  37. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually
    enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will
    be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  38. Oh my goⲟdness! Amaᴢzing article dude!

    Thanks, However I am having problеms wіth your RSS.
    I don’t know why I am unable to join it. Is there anyone
    else gettig identical RSS issues? Anybodfy who knoes the solution can you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  39. you’re truly a just right webmaster. The website loading velocity
    is amazing. It seems that you are doing any distinctive trick.

    Moreover, The contents are masterwork. you have performed a magnificent job
    on this topic!

  40. Heya i’m for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me
    out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.

  41. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally,
    it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point.
    You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos
    to your blog when you could be giving us something informative to read?

  42. I savour, lead to I discovered exactly what I
    used to be having a look for. You’ve ended my four day
    long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  43. Howdy! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new apple iphone!
    Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all
    your posts! Keep up the superb work!

    Here is my web-site :: xe88com

  44. Wonderful goods from you, man. I’ve take into account your stuff previous to and you are just too
    great. I actually like what you’ve obtained here, certainly
    like what you’re saying and the way by which you are saying it.
    You are making it entertaining and you still care for to stay it wise.
    I can not wait to read much more from you.
    That is really a wonderful site.

    My page … cara main xe88

  45. This design is wicked! You obviously know how to keep a reader amused.
    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved
    to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Great job.
    I really loved what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

  46. Just wish to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your put up
    is simply cool and i could think you’re a professional on this
    subject. Fine with your permission let me to grasp your RSS feed to stay updated with coming
    near near post. Thank you a million and please carry on the rewarding work.

    My blog – kiss918 Company

  47. Have you ever considered writing an e-book or guest authoring on other websites?
    I have a blog centered on the same topics you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information.
    I know my subscribers would appreciate your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free
    to send me an e mail.

    my website: forum.mascoop.org

  48. Saya telah telah berselancar online lebih dari
    2 jam hari ini, namun saya tidak pernah menemukan artikel menarik seperti milik Anda.
    It is cukup berharga bagi saya. Secara pribadi ,
    jika semua pemilik web dan blogger membuat konten yang baik seperti yang Anda lakukan, net akan menjadi
    lebih berguna dari sebelumnya.

    Also visit my webpage :: Games joker123org

  49. Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and
    i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam remarks?
    If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can suggest?
    I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any help is very much appreciated.

    Feel free to surf to my web blog … vipforum.kz

Lascia un commento

Il tuo indirizzo email non sarà pubblicato.